The Plaquemine Historic District encompasses 21 blocks of
Railroad Avenue, Main, Eden, Church, Plaquemine, and Court
Streets. Incorporated in 1838, the town of Plaquemine developed
as a commercial center due to its location on the Mississippi
River at the mouth of Bayou Plaquemine.
A lively steamboat
trade built the town's fortunes, but this trade was partially
disrupted in 1866 when severe flooding required that a dam
be built to separate Bayou Plaquemine from the Mississippi.
Although local civic leaders turned to the railroad to restore
their commercial ties, they continued to campaign for waterway
improvements until the Federal government opened the Plaquemine
Lock in 1909. However, the decline in river traffic and the
erosion of the West Bank of the Mississippi River turned Plaquemine
towards the rail and the lock was closed permanently in 1961.
Several "cave-ins," including a major one in 1888,
plunged streets, businesses, and residences into the river.
Today, as a result, most of the original town of Plaquemine
Photographs from the National Register collection
The Plaquemine Historic District includes the few Greek Revival
buildings that have survived the ravages of the river and
time as well as the later commercial area which developed
along portions of Railroad Avenue, Main and Eden Streets between
the 1880s and 1930s.
Also included are the residential neighborhoods,
which grew between the railroad and the river as well as along
the West End of Main Street. The community's fine late Italianate,
Queen Anne Revival, and 20th-century eclectic buildings owe
their existence to the coming of the railroad.
contains two 18th-century French Neoclassical style buildings,
St. John School on Main Street is an Italian Renaissance style
school. St. John the Evangelist Catholic Church, also on Main
Street, is a tour de force in the Italian Romanesque and early
There are many other superior quality architectural
examples in the district, including old City Hall, now the
Iberville Museum, at 57735 Main Street.
The City Hall has
a four column pedimented portico, which makes it fairly unusual
among Louisiana Greek Revival buildings. The Brusle Building
at 23410 Eden Street stands as the finest commercial Italianate
building in the parish.
The Plaquemine Historic District is bounded by Railroad Ave.,
Main, Eden, Church, Plaquemine & Court Sts. in Plaquemine.
Residences are private and not open to the public, but many
of the businesses, institutions, and government buildings
Visit the Historic Plaquemine Lock, a State
Historic Sites, is open 9:00am to 5:00pm daily, call 225-687-7158
or visit the state park's website for more information.
Iberville Parish Tourist Information Center, open 10:00am
to 4:00pm Tuesday-Sunday, except major holidays, is located
For group tours or further information call 225-687-5190,
or visit the parish's website.